Electrolyte Depletion – The Serious Truth

  • Low sodium increases cortisol – our primary stress hormone
  • Low sodium can alter our thyroid hormones
  • 99% of women and 90% of men are too low in potassium
  • Almost all Americans are too low in magnesium

THE HORMONAL DANGERS OF LOW SODIUM

Sodium – the Truth on How much we need

The US government recommends consuming under 2.3 grams of sodium per day, ostensibly to lower the risk of heart disease. In other words, they recommend a low sodium diet.

Here’s the thing though. There’s NO EVIDENCE that low sodium diets improve heart health outcomes. Actually there’s evidence to the contrary.

Sodium restriction puts certain hormones on overdrive—and how these changes are harmful:

  • Triggers a smart mechanism to save sodium
  • The trio of hormones (renin, angiotensin, aldosterone) tell our kidneys to stop peeing out sodium.   This lead to increase blood pressure!
  • The data from the Framingham Heart Study which found that folks on low-sodium diets had HIGHER blood pressure than those eating more reasonable salt.
  • Restricting sodium also spikes adrenal hormones like adrenaline, noradrenaline, and cortisol.
  • This activates stress, anxiety, insomnia, insulin resistance, fat gain, and inflammation  – sound healthy?
  • Can lead to hyponatremia (low serum sodium) with symptoms including:
    • Muscle cramps, fatigue, headaches, insomnia.
    • Symptoms can progress to seizures, brain damage, and even death.

The average person on a low-salt diet probably won’t develop severe hyponatremia. Sodium-retention hormones like aldosterone and renin prevent that from happening. But if that same person starts sweating profusely and drinking electrolyte-free water, the chances of hyponatremia increase dramatically.  I saw this on a summer backpacking trip into the Grand Canyon.  A young hiker who was dehydrated and electrolyte depleted drank too much water (without critical electrolytes) and went into a grand mal seizure and threw up all over me – memorable.  Fortunately he recovered.

HORMONES AND ELECTROLYTES: HOW THEY INTERRELATE

#1: CORTISOL

Cortisol is a “stress hormone”, cortisol does indeed trigger a stress response. Specifically, cortisol:

  • Increases blood sugar
  • Increases fat-storage
  • Breaks down muscle
  • Decreases bone formation
Adrenaline, Cortisol and Noradrenaline

These are all positive adaptations—if you’re in survival mode which is designed for just minutes.  When this extends into days, weeks, months or heaven-forbid, years, high cortisol is not your friend.

Lots of things raise cortisol levels. Stress is the obvious trigger, but low sodium can trigger a cortisol response too.

Sodium and cortisol have a feedback loop. Low sodium causes high cortisol, and high cortisol depletes sodium levels.

#2: ADRENALINE AND NORADRENALINE

Along with cortisol, adrenaline and noradrenaline (also called epinephrine and norepinephrine) round out the stress hormones. These adrenal hormones have more immediate effects than cortisol, and are largely responsible for the “fight or flight” feeling associated with the stress response: flushing, increased heart rate, dilation of pupils, etc.

Adrenaline helps you retain sodium, it’s part of your body’s response to low sodium levels. Less sodium, more adrenaline.

Low-sodium induced adrenaline could explain, in part, why so many low-carb folks suffer from insomnia. Those on low carb dioets tend to suffer with more low sodium.

#3: ALDOSTERONE

Kidney, Adrenal and Thyroid Gland

Of all the hormones that influence electrolytes, aldosterone is the most underappreciated. Aldosterone is produced in the adrenal glands, and regulates blood pressure, sodium levels, and potassium levels.

Aldosterone tells the kidneys to retain sodium and excrete potassium. It’s a sodium preservation hormone. It kicks in when sodium levels are low.

Text Box: Kidney, Adrenal Gland, ThyroidUnfortunately, losing potassium is generally not desirable. That’s because inadequate potassium increases the risk of hypertension (high blood pressure).

Being low on sodium raises aldosterone, which can deplete potassium levels and raise blood pressure.

#4: RENIN

Renin is produced in the kidney. It raises blood pressure and helps you retain sodium. Like aldosterone, renin shows up when sodium levels drop.

Renin stimulates aldosterone production. Renin also helps create two other hormones—angiotensin and angiotensin II—which also increase blood pressure and sodium retention.

All together, aldosterone, renin, and angiotensin work together to manage your sodium, potassium, and blood pressure.

#5: THYROID HORMONES

The thyroid hormones T3 and T4 act on most cells to increase metabolic rate, muscle protein synthesis, bone development, and much more.

Researchers have found a link between electrolytes and thyroid health. Those with hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormones) were more likely to suffer from hyponatremia and hypokalemia (low potassium).

The strongest link in between Iodine and thyroid function. But believe me: You don’t want to be eating iodized, refined salt.

First of all, the actual iodine content of this salt, research has shown, is unpredictable. You may be getting very little iodine. You’re better off consuming kelp or taking an iodine supplement.

More importantly, table salt is full of toxic anti-caking agents like sodium aluminosilicate. Sodium aluminosilicate, by the way, contains aluminum, a potent neurotoxin. No thank you.

That’s why we use sodium chloride in all of the electrolyte drink mixes we offer. I don’t want you (or anyone) consuming Sodium aluminosilicate.

#6: ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE (ADH)

Antidiuretic hormone—or vasopressin—functions, predictably enough, as an antidiuretic. When ADH goes up, you retain more fluid.

ADH helps you sleep through the night without waking up to pee every 2 hours. Ever wonder why alcohol leads to frequent bathroom breaks? It’s because alcohol interferes with vasopressin secretion.

Being low on sodium also impairs vasopressin secretion. This is why a pinch of salt before bed can help you stay asleep.

HOW A LOW-CARB DIET AFFECTS

HORMONES AND ELECTROLYTES

Keto Diet

When you eat a low-carb diet, a number of hormonal changes occur. One of these changes is a decrease in the hormone insulin. In turn, low insulin increases the risk of sodium deficiency.

Here’s how it works:

  1. Low-carb diets keep blood sugar low
  2. Low blood sugar keeps insulin (your blood sugar regulation hormone) low, too
  3. Low insulin means less aldosterone is secreted by the adrenals
  4. Less aldosterone means less sodium is retained

You can see how this complexity could be missed. And when it gets missed, folks catch a case of keto flu which really is “low sodium flu”.

The symptoms of keto flu—headaches, fatigue, cramps, and insomnia—are all tied up with the hormones we discussed earlier. Low sodium impacts cortisol, adrenaline, aldosterone, renin, T3, T4, and ADH. Think this can make you feel crappy?

That’s why we include plenty of sodium in our tasty electrolyte drink mixes.  It’s an electrolyte insurance policy for low-carb folks, intermittent fasters, active folks, and everyone in-between.

Want More Info: Watch this from LMNT

Call Renovare at 623.776.0206 for more information on products such as LMNT

Let’s Face It! Diets Don’t Work!!

Metabolism – The Holy Grail of Wellness – Part 4

Let’s face it, Diets Don’t Work! By the time clients enter the “Diets Don’t Work” program, they are out of control with food. But it’s not just the food. It is the obsessive thoughts about food, weight, diets, and body image that consume our lives.

We need to experience an internal change for lasting results.

Invasive procedures such as gastric bypass surgery and liposuction are a temporary fix. Many people gain the weight back and sometimes they are heavier than before.

Liposuction has become the most popular plastic surgery, with more than 450,000 operations a year – and costing thousands of dollars. Drs Teri L. Hernandez and Dr. Robert Eckel of the University of Colorado led a new study on patients who had liposuction.  The results WERE NOT GOOD.  They found that 40% of the patients were unhappy with the results and years later something was happening with the patients.

Fat cells are the biggest part of your endocrine system and when you disrupt this endocrine system and remove the fat, the body signals to grow new fat cells. This fat from these patients returned in the upper arms and upper abdominal areas.

Pre-Surgery Post-Surgery Years Later

In knowing this information, why would you kill or remove White Adipose Tissue (fat cells)?

There are significant physiological functions of White Adipose Tissue (fat cells):

  • Coagulation
  • Appetite regulation
  • Immunity
  • Glucose and lipid metabolism
  • Reproduction
  • Angiogenesis (new blood vessels form from pre-existing vessels)
  • Fibrinolysis (process that prevents blood clots from growing and becoming problematic.)
  • Body weight homeostasis
  • Vascular tone control

What about Cool Sculpting?

With Cool Sculpting you lay under the device which works on an area at a time. It actually grabs the fat, which is painful, and it kills the fat cells. The Patients grow back fat cells as shown in Image 1.1 above.   Plus it can create nerve damage, and cause damage as seen above. Clinical studies show a loss of only 3.2 mm after 12 weeks. Not unlike other weight loss methods, millions of dollars are put into the marketing of this product to make it look glamorous.

Zerona is an American made Low Level Light Therapy Laser product from Erchonia. This company has put over 5 million dollars in research and development. They own 18 of the 21 FDA clearances in the world on Low Level Lasers (LLLT).

Zerona is a red wavelength in the visible spectrum (you can see it). It is safe, effective and has no pain or down time.

Russian scientists have determined that with DNA mitosis (when cells divide) there is this light energy that is emitted from the cell that ranges between 630 to 640 nm (nanometers) wavelength. The Zerona red wavelength is 635 nm. It is right where DNA mitosis happens!

Zerona clinical trials were done with placebo controls. Patients that came to the study couldn’t change their diet or their exercise regimen, so the only variable was the laser. The patients were lasered 3 times a week, for 2 weeks. At the end of the study over 93% happy with results. 3.7 inches.

The results from Zerona are actual “Fat Loss”

  • 4 inches =  Apx. 5.0 lbs. of fat
  • 4 inches =  2.7 Liters of Fat
  • Successful Liposuction =  2.3 Liters of Fat

Are you wondering “Where does the fat go?”

The below graphic shows the fat’s remarkable journey. The laser induces a temporary pore, and the contents of the fat allows triglycerides and fatty materials to seep out to the extracellular space and your lymphatic system helps process that. The fat cell is still alive, it is just deflated.  It is made healthy by getting the content to exit to the extracellular space. In 25 years of Erchonia doing research and making lasers they have never had one side effect or adverse reaction.

Below shows the journey this opened fat cell takes. We are using the fat as fuel, and the laser helps speed up this process.

If you want to know more about ALL of the benefits from Zerona and our many programs to help you on your health journey…. give our office a call at 623.776.0206.